January 31, 2023

5G: the rebirth of wireless technology

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The evolutionary progress of wireless communication that began somewhere in the 1970s has reached the gates of 5G, supposedly the gateway to the real world of wireless networking. The widening gap between successive technologies up to today’s 5G is somewhat akin to the divergence observed between human generations over the past five decades. The high bandwidth offered by this fifth generation system promises an unprecedented user experience.

It will not be inappropriate to declare 5G as the rebirth of wireless technology as it imbibes new chromosomal strands to prepare for the future in the ecosystem of the digital world. The group of CEOs must be ready to recognize this, otherwise it is high time. So what are we planning?

The next generation

The 5G network architecture encapsulates most of the existing wireless and mobile communication technologies of third-generation mobile networks (UMTS-Universal Mobile Telecommunications System with CDMA2000), fourth-generation mobile technology LTE (Long Time Evolution), WiMAX, as well as sensors. personal networks (for example, Bluetooth). Thus, giving it the edge and advantage of adaptive integration. The striking distinction is the promising experiential future of a true wireless world – the Worldwide Wireless Web (WWWW).

The structural supports to this should revolve around LAS-CDMA (large area synchronized code division multiple access), OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing), MCCDMA (multicarrier code division multiple access), UWB (Ultra Wide Band), Network-LMDS (Local Multipoint Distribution Service) and IPv6. While this technology is expected to bring disruptive changes to the way we exist and connect, it will be interesting to see the ecosystem’s anticipated response. How do you see this as an enabler and as a challenge for your existing business or the ecosystem that drives you?

5G technology, the revolution we call, is certain to cause a transformational tsunami wave on the management of data volumes and network traffic infrastructure. Presentation 5G is going to be progressive given its two configurations, standalone (SA) and non-standalone (NSA). The initial 5G networks would be based on the NSA configuration, i.e. they would revert to the underlying 4G layer for uplink transmission to ensure that operators and investors are well protected and to have a scalable path to 5G with minimal impact on network design. What unexpected-unknown tsunami have you mapped?

The second aspect would be that of the antennas, because 5G uses Multiple inputs Multiple outputs (MIMO) which requires fast hardware with high power consumption. The antennas used are active antennas and have an integrated radio transceiver as well as networks. This allows beams and antenna patterns to be steered based on where the user is. Deploying telecommunications network infrastructure is one of the most difficult tasks, but countries that have taken steps to enable the conscious and balanced proliferation of 5G infrastructure will have a competitive advantage. So be ready. There is no escaping being an element or even part of the value chain. The entrepreneur within a CEO must rise.

The third and most important point is that a large part of the network will come closer to us in the form of building-integrated solutions. Given the high population density, regulations on electromotive force (EMF) radiation in India are rightly among the strictest in the world. The requirement for high power consumption in the current antenna configuration for 5G networks will necessitate strict adherence to pre-market authorized standards at each identified site. Densification in 5G will catalyze the use of low power consumption devices with insignificant effects on life and the environment, however, some movement in the future will be required to achieve this. Currently, the position remains that no medical evidence has been provided to the World Health Organization that the deployment of the technology is a threat. These are pointers, like regulators that will have to be operated or governed. Be ready.

Global Footprints

Japan, Australia, China, Thailand, Germany, France and many more are adopting 5G at a very rapid rate. To quote, the use of high-speed connectivity in the mining industry in some places has provided precision controls over the robots employed for excavation, thereby improving both safety and productivity. The future application of 5G wireless technology is expected to encompass major areas of automotive, manufacturing, process industries, processing plants and petroleum establishments. It is also envisaged to play a central role in the remote monitoring of power plants, hydroelectric plants, remote diagnostic centers and the operation of solar power plants without any direct human intervention. As an experiential example, aviation has already incorporated the Digital Twin Conceptual architecture, where real-time data is compared to device-generated data to track differential delta continua from control centers, improving significantly the in-flight safety of the assets. To get maximum traction, you have to adapt to this emerging technology. In other words, the pace of technology absorptiveness needs to be accelerated.

In this evolving world of close global ties, technology cannot evolve in isolation. Sustainability, environmental aspects and governance are some of the main points of contention, which will promote inclusiveness to build long-term adaptability. Technology, especially in the field of network communication, must necessarily be a catalyst for greater cohesion between users. The challenges are multidimensional and with increased levels of awareness, the technology must gain the trust of stakeholders to find the right frequencies for smooth streaming. The bull is out, Bravado, lead the show if you’re ready, otherwise be paralyzed.


Written by Dr. Manoj Joshi.
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